Psychology and the Scientific Method

1. Define and explain Psychology, include the 4 goals of psychology. Use your own words.Psychology’s Four Goals:1. Description: tells “what” occurred2. Explanation: tells “why” a behavior or mental process occurred3. Prediction: tells “under which conditions a behavior or event is likely to occur.”4. Change: applies psychological knowledge to prevent unwanted behavior or to bring about desired goals.2. Discuss the Scientific Method (include all the steps and what they mean).Step 1. Review the Literature (and informal questions)Step 2. Develop a Testable Hypothesis (must be operationally defined)Step 3. Design the Study and Collect the DataStep 4. Analyze the Data and Accept or Reject the HypothesisStep 5. Publish, Replicate, and Seek Scientific ReviewStep 6. Build a Theory